Rembrandt | nemačko - engleski prevod

Rembrandt

muški rodlično ime

Eigtl. Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, niederl. Maler und Graphiker, Leiden 15.7.1606, +Amsterdam 4.10.1669, Hauptmeister der holländ. Malerei des 17. Jh. und der Weltkunst, Schüler von Swanenburgh und Pieter Lastman, tätig zunächst in Leiden, seit 1631 in Amsterdam. Sein Schaffen umfaßt alle Stoffgebiete, v.a. bibl. Szenen und Porträts, aber auch Landschaften, geschichtliche und mytholog. Darstellungen und Genreszenen. Die Radierung und die Handzeichnung stehen selbständig neben der Malerei. Die Frühzeit umfaßt die Leidener Jahre 1626/1631: hauptsächlich bibl. Bilder kleinen Formates, deren Szenen sich im dämmrigen oder durch Helldunkelgegensätze dramatisierten Innenraum abspielen. Im Stil noch Abhängigkeit von Lastman. Werke dieser Zeit: 'Paulus im Gefängnis' (1627, Stuttgart, Staatsgalerie). 'Samson und Dalila' (1628, Berlin, Staatliche Museen). 'Die Hl. Familie' (1631, München, Alte Pinakothek). 'Simon im Tempel' (1631, Den Haag, Mauritshuis). Radierungen: Bildnis seiner Mutter (1628); Selbstbild

1. Rembrandt

muški rodlično ime

(1606-1669) Dutch painter of The Last Supper and The Man with the Golden Helmet; Also called: Rembrandt van Ryn.
Dutch painter and etcher. He was one of the most prolific and significant artists in Europe of the 17th century. Between 1629 and 1669 he painted some 60 penetrating self-portraits. He also painted religious subjects, and produced about 300 etchings and over 1,000 drawings. His major group portraits include The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Tulp 1632 (Mauritshuis, The Hague) and The Night Watch 1642 (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam).
After studying in Leiden and for a few months in Amsterdam (with a history painter), Rembrandt began his career 1625 in Leiden, where his work reflected knowledge of Elsheimer and Caravaggio, among others. He settled permanently in Amsterdam 1631 and obtained many commissions for portraits from wealthy merchants. The Self-Portrait with Saskia (his wife, Saskia van Uylenburgh) about 1634 (Gemäldegalerie, Dresden) displays their prosperity in warm tones and rich, glittering textiles. Saskia died 1642, and that year Rembrandt’s fortunes began to decline (he eventually became bankrupt 1656). His work became more somber, revealing a deeper emotional content, and his portraits were increasingly melancholy; for example, Jan Six 1654 (Six Collection, Amsterdam). From 1660 onward he lived with Hendrickje Stoffels, but he outlived her, and in 1668 his only surviving child, Titus, died too. Rembrandt had many pupils, including Gerard Dou and Carel Fabritius.

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