gewaltsame Ausschreitungen gegen Minderheiten, v. a. gegen Juden.
Organized persecution of an ethnic group (especially Jews).
Wholesale massacre of a class or race, especially of Jews in Russia.
Unprovoked violent attack on an ethnic group, particularly Jews, carried out with official sanction. The Russian pogroms against Jews began 1881, after the assassination of Tsar Alexander ii, and again in 1903–06; persecution of the Jews remained constant until the Russian Revolution. Later there were pogroms in E Europe, especially in Poland after 1918, and in Germany under Hitler (see Holocaust).