(Ethik) Das Gebot, einer Norm entsprechend zu handeln. Pflichtbewußt oder aus P. handeln heißt, einem Sollen gemäß zu wollen u. zu handeln.
Forced or compelled or put in force; SYN. implemented.
ETYM Cf. French essentiel. Related to Essence.
1. Absolutely necessary; vitally necessary; SYN. indispensable.
2. Absolutely required and not to be used up or sacrificed.
3. Basic and fundamental.
4. Being or relating to or containing the essence of a plant etc.
ETYM Latin imperativus, from imperare to command; pref. im- in + parare to make ready, prepare: cf. French impératif. Related to Perade, Empire.
1. Requiring attention or action.
2. (Grammar) Relating to verbs in the imperative mood.
ETYM Latin mandatorius.
Containing a command; obligatory.
ETYM Latin requisitus, p. p. requirere; pref. re- re- + quaerere to ask. Related to Require.
ETYM From Due.
1. The social force that binds one to one's obligations and the courses of action demanded by that force.
2. Work that one is obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons.
Moral obligation experienced as a felt commandment of the moral law. Moral conflicts occur where a number of duties make apparently irreconcilable demands on us.
The stoics in ancient Greece and Immanuel Kant in Germany (who coined the concept of the categorical imperative) are the moral philosophers who have placed greatest emphasis on duty. Duty is strongly emphasized in Confucianism (especially duty to the state and to ancestors) and in Japanese culture, where it is divided into obligations (on) that can and therefore must be repaid, and continuous obligations, such as those to parents and country.
ETYM French obligation. Latin obligatio. Related to Oblige.
1. A legal agreement specifying a payment or action and the penalty for failure to comply.
2. The state of having financial obligations.
In politics, the duty of individuals to obey the laws of their state and, generally, to accept the authority of its government. The basis of political obligation has been depicted as a contract between ruler and people or as arising from the state's ability to provide for the welfare of its citizens.