Frucht des Ölbaums.
Sinonimi: European olive tree | Olea europaea
Evergreen tree Olea europaea of the family Oleaceae. Native to Asia but widely cultivated in Mediterranean and subtropical areas, it grows up to 15 m/50 ft high, with twisted branches and opposite, lance-shaped silvery leaves. The white flowers are followed by green oval fruits that ripen a bluish black. They are preserved in brine or oil, dried, or pressed to make olive oil.
The oil, which is a pale, greenish yellow and chiefly composed of glycerides, is widely consumed; it is also used in soaps and ointments, and as a lubricant.1. Small oval-shaped fruit of the European olive tree; important food and source of oil.
2. One-seeded fruit of the European olive tree usually pickled and used as a relish.
3. Evergreen tree cultivated in the Mediterranean region since antiquity and now elsewhere; has edible shiny black fruits (olives); SYN. European olive tree, Olea europaea.
4. Hard yellow often variegated wood of an olive tree; used in cabinetwork.
5. A yellow-green color of low brightness and saturation.
ETYM French, from Latin oliva, akin to Greek elaion oil. Related to Oil.