Henry , Castleford (Yorkshire) 30.7.1898, +Much Hadham 31.8.1986, engl. Bildhauer und Maler; beeinflußt von Kubismus und Surrealismus; u.a. 'Krieger mit Schild' (1953/1954, Mannheim, Kunsthalle), 'Large two forms' (1955, Bonn, Bundeskanzleramt), 'Liegende' (1957/1958; Paris, UNESCO-Gebäude), 'Großer Bogen' (1980, London, Kensington Gardens).
George Edward, 1873, 1958, engl. Philosoph; begr. den engl. Neurealismus, der sich am Erkenntnisideal der Naturwiss. orientierte; wichtige Arbeiten zur Ehtik.
G(eorge) E(dward) (1873-1958) British philosopher who generally defended common-sense views of the world and what is said about it in ordinary language. In ethics, he held that any attempt to identify goodness with another concept, such as happiness, was a fallacy—the “naturalistic fallacy”.
Educated at Cambridge, he was professor of philosophy at the university 1925–39, and edited the journal Mind, to which he contributed 1921–47. His books include Principia Ethica 1903, in which he attempted to analyze the moral question “What is good?”, and Some Main Problems of Philosophy 1953.
Henry, 1898, 1986, engl. Bildhauer u. Maler; ungegenständl. Arbeiten tragen organ., Wachstum u. Bewegung verkörpernde Merkmale.
(1898-1986) English sculptor. His subjects include the reclining nude, mother and child groups, the warrior, and interlocking abstract forms. Many of his post-1945 works are in bronze or marble, including monumental semiabstracts such as Reclining Figure 1957–58 (outside the UNESCO building, Paris), and often designed to be placed in landscape settings.
Moore claimed to have learned much from archaic South and Central American sculpture, and this is reflected in his work from the 1920s. By the early 1930s most of his main themes had emerged, and the Surrealists’ preoccupation with organic forms in abstract works proved a strong influence; Moore’s hollowed wooden shapes strung with wires date from the late 1930s. Semiabstract work suggesting organic structures recurs after World War II, for example in the interwoven bonelike forms of the Hill Arches and the bronze Sheep Pieces 1970s, set in fields by his studio in Hertfordshire.
Thomas, 1779, 1852, anglo-ir. Schriftst. (auf ir. Volksweisen gedichtete Lieder); ir. Nationaldichter.
(1779-1852) Irish poet. Among his works are the verse romance Lalla Rookh 1817 and the Irish Melodies 1807–35.
These were set to music by John Stevenson 1807–35 and include ‘The Minstrel Boy’ and ‘The Last Rose of Summer’.