John, 1795, 1821, engl. Schriftst.; Vollender der engl. Hochromantik.
(1795-1821) English Romantic poet. He produced work of the highest quality and promise before dying at the age of 25. Poems 1817, Endymion 1818, the great odes (particularly ‘Ode to a Nightingale’ and ‘Ode on a Grecian Urn’ written 1819, published 1820), and the narratives ‘Lamia’, ‘Isabella’, and ‘The Eve of St Agnes’ 1820, show his lyrical richness and talent for drawing on both classical mythology and medieval lore.
Born in London, Keats studied at Guy’s Hospital 1815–17, but then abandoned medicine for poetry. Endymion was harshly reviewed by the Tory Blackwood’s Magazine and Quarterly Review, largely because of Keats’ friendship with the radical writer Leigh Hunt (1800–1865). In 1819 he fell in love with Fanny Brawne (1802–1865). Suffering from tuberculosis, he sailed to Italy 1820 in an attempt to regain his health, but died in Rome. Valuable insight into Keats’ poetic development is provided by his Letters, published 1848.