(lat.-dt.) Positive ganze Zahl für die Angabe der Anzahl der Elemente einer Menge.
ETYM French carinal, Italian cardinale, Late Lat. cardinalis (ecclesiae Romanae). Related to Cardinal.
1. A variable color averaging a vivid red; SYN. carmine.
2. (Roman Catholic Church) One of a group of more than 100 prominent bishops in the Sacred College who advise the Pope and elect new Popes.
In the Roman Catholic church, the highest rank next to the pope. Cardinals act as an advisory body to the pope and elect him. Their red hat is the badge of office. The number of cardinals has varied; there were 151 in 1989.
Originally a cardinal was any priest in charge of a major parish, but in 1567 the term was confined to the members of the Sacred College, 120 of whom (below the age of 80) elect the pope and are themselves elected by him (since 1973). They advise on all matters of doctrine, canonizations, convocation of councils, liturgy, and temporal business.
The number of elements in a mathematical set; SYN. cardinal.
In mathematics, one of the series of numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, ... . Cardinal numbers relate to quantity, whereas ordinal numbers (first, second, third, fourth, ... .) relate to order.
A number that indicates how many items there are in a set—for example. Compare ordinal number.
1. A number (as 1, 5, 15) that is used in simple counting and that indicates how many elements there are in an assemblage — see number table
2. The property that a mathematical set has in common with all sets that can be put in one-to-one correspondence with it