Jugendstil | nemačko - engleski prevod

Jugendstil

muški rod

Internat. Stilrichtung der bildenden Künste wie Graphik, Malerei, Bildhauerei, Kunstgewerbe; aber auch Musik, Theater und Architektur (ca. 1890 bis 1914; frz. Bez. Art Nouveau, engl. Bez. Modern Style, österr. Bez. Sezessionsstil). Die dt. Bez. J. ist von der 1896 gegründeten Zeitschrift 'Jugend' (München) abgeleitet. Der J. ist eine künstler. Opposition zu den akadem., historisierenden Stilen des 19. Jh., verbunden mit der Suche nach neuem Ausdruck und neuer Form. Er betont Ornamentik (nach pflanzl. Vorbild und zur Abstraktion weiterentwickelt), flächig-dekorative Farbgebung und expressive Linienführung. Bedeutende Künstler des J. (Malerei) waren in England die Präraffaeliten, A. Beardsley, in Frankreich Toulouse-Lautrec (Plakate), in Belgien H. van de Velde, in Deutschland F. von Stuck, A. Endell und (frühe Werke) Kandinsky, Marc, Klee, in Österreich G. Klimt, E. Schiele, in Norwegen E. Munch und in der Schweiz F. Hodler.

1. art nouveau

imenica

In the visual arts and architecture, a decorative style of about 1890–1910 which makes marked use of sinuous lines reminiscent of unfolding tendrils, stylized flowers and foliage, and flame shapes. In England, it appears in the illustrations of Aubrey Beardsley; in Scotland, in the interior and exterior designs of Charles Rennie Mackintosh; in Spain, in the architecture of Antonio Gaudí; in France, in the architecture of Hector Guimard, the art glass of René Lalique, and the posters of Alphonse Mucha; in Belgium, in the houses and shops of Victor Horta; and in the us, in the lamps and metalwork of Louis Comfort Tiffany. Art Nouveau took its name from a shop in Paris that opened 1895; it was also known as Jugendstil in Germany and Stile Liberty in Italy, after a fashionable London department store.
As a decorative style noted for extravagant curvature, Art Nouveau may in part be traced back to late Pre-Raphaelite floral patterns, as in the designs of William Morris, and even more to the “decadence” or sophisticated adaptation of the style in the work of Aubrey Beardsley. A desire for a new simplicity in architecture, both exterior and interior, was, sometimes curiously, combined with decorative craft. The style flourished particularly in Austria, Belgium, Britain and Germany, where the influence of Morris and Beardsley was strongly felt and was propogated by the early numbers of the Studio, the magazine in the first issue of which Beardsley’s work appeared in 1893. In its decorative and linear aspect it is an element in the work of many painters and graphic artists of the period, among them Edvard Munch, Ferdinand Hodler, and even Toulouse-Lautrec, Gauguin, and van Gogh.

2. Jugendstil

imenica

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