Andrew, 1808, 1875, US-amerik. Politiker (Republikaner); 17. Präs. der USA 1865–69; zeigte Milde gegenüber den Südstaaten u. geriet dadurch in Konflikt mit dem Kongreß.
17th President of the United States; was elected Vice President and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875).
(1808-1875) 17th president of the US 1865–69, a Democrat. He was a congressman from Tennessee 1843–53, governor of Tennessee 1853–57, senator 1857–62, and vice president 1865. He succeeded to the presidency on Lincoln's assassination (15 April 1865). His conciliatory policy to the defeated South after the Civil War involved him in a feud with the Radical Republicans, culminating in his impeachment 1868 before the Senate, which failed to convict him by one vote
Johnson was born in Raleigh, North Carolina. Among his achievements was the purchase of Alaska from Russia 1867. When he tried to dismiss Edwin Stanton, a cabinet secretary, his political opponents seized on the opportunity to charge him with “high crimes and misdemeanors” and attempted to remove him from office; it was this battle that ended in his impeachment. Jackson’s tenure as president was characterized by his frustration and political stalemate. He presided over the reentry of the Southern states into the Union. He was returned to the Senate from Tennessee 1875, but died shortly afterwards.
Lyndon Baines, 1908, 1973, US-amerik. Politiker (Demokrat); seit 1961 Vizepräs., nach der Ermordung J.F. Kennedys 1963 dessen Nachfolger (36. Präs. der USA 1963–69; Wiederwahl 1964). J. setzte die Sozialpolitik Kennedys fort.
36th President of the United States; was elected Vice President and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973).
(1908-1973) 36th president of the US 1963–69, a Democrat. He was elected to Congress 1937–49 and the Senate 1949–60. Born in Texas, he brought critical Southern support as J F Kennedy's vice-presidential running mate 1960, and became president on Kennedy's assassination
Following Kennedy's assassination, Johnson pushed civil rights legislation through Congress. However, his foreign policy met with considerably less success. After the Tonkin Gulf Incident, which escalated US involvement in the Vietnam War, support won by Johnson's Great Society legislation (civil rights, education, alleviation of poverty) dissipated, and he declined to run for reelection 1968
Samuel, 1709, 1784, engl. Schriftst.; Hrsg. kritischer Wochenzeitungen, maßgebender Literaturkritiker seiner Zeit.
Known as “Dr Johnson” (1709-1784) English lexicographer, author, and critic. He was also a brilliant conversationalist and the dominant figure in 18th-century London literary society. His Dictionary, published 1755, remained authoritative for over a century, and is still remarkable for the vigor of its definitions. In 1764 he founded the Literary Club, whose members included the painter Joshua Reynolds, the political philosopher Edmund Burke, the dramatist Oliver Goldsmith, the actor David Garrick, and James Boswell, Johnson’s biographer.
Johnson’s first meeting with Boswell was in 1763. A visit with Boswell to Scotland and the Hebrides 1773 was recorded in Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland 1775. Other works include a satire imitating Juvenal, The Vanity of Human Wishes 1749, the philosophical romance Rasselas 1759, an edition of Shakespeare 1765, and the classic Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets 1779–81.
Johnson was born in Lichfield, Staffordshire. He became first a schoolteacher and then a literary hack. In 1735 he married Elizabeth Porter and opened a private school. When this proved unsuccessful, he went to London with his pupil David Garrick, becoming a regular contributor to the Gentleman’s Magazine and publishing the poem London 1738.
In 1746 he began working on the dictionary.
He was buried in Westminster Abbey and his house in Gough Square, London, is preserved as a museum. His wit and humanity are documented in Boswell’s classic Life of Samuel Johnson 1791.
Uwe, 1934, 1984, dt. Schriftst.; Romane mit aktueller Thematik u. experimentellem Stil.
(1934-) German novelist who left East Germany for West Berlin 1959, and wrote of the division of Germany in, for example, Anniversaries 1977.