Guadalcanal | nemačko - engleski prevod

Guadalcanal

imenicageografija

Zweitgrößte Insel der brit.-austral. Salomonen mit 6,475 km? und rd. 20,000 Einwohnern (1940), Hauptstadt Honiara. Nach der Schlacht bei Midway verlagerte sich der Schwerpunkt des Fernostkrieges in den SW-Pazifik, wo die Amerikaner im Sommer 1942 zum Gegenangriff übergingen. Von der vorgelagerten Insel Tulagi aus hatten die Japaner G. besetzt und bedrohten damit die Seewege zw. Australien und den USA. Die Insel wurde daher von den Combined Chiefs of Staff am 5.7.1942 zum vorrangigen Offensivziel bestimmt, was zu einer der härtesten Abnutzungsschlachten des Krieges führte: Im Schutz von zwei Trägergruppen gingen am 7.8.1942 rd. 11,000 Mann der 1. US-Marinediv. (Vandegrift) an der NO-Küste an Land und eroberten nahezu kampflos das Flugfeld bei Lunga Point, später als Henderson Field bekannt geworden. Die 2,000 Japaner, zumeist Bauarbeiter, zogen sich in den Dschungel zurück. Inzw. kämpfte eine zweite Gruppe von 6,000 Marines die 1,500 japan. Verteidiger von Tulagi nieder. Die japan. 8. Flotte setzt

1. Guadalcanal

imenicageografija

1. A battle in World War II in the Pacific (1942-1943); the island was occupied by the Japanese and later recaptured by American forces; Also called: battle of Guadalcanal.
2. A mountainous island; the largest of the Solomon Islands in the independent state that is a member of the British Commonwealth.
Largest of the Solomon Islands; area 6,500 sq km/2,510 sq mi; Gold, copra, and rubber are produced. During World War II it was the scene of a major battle for control of the area that was won by US forces after six months of fighting.
The battle for control of the island in World War II began when the US discovered the Japanese were building an airfield and landed marines to take the site Aug 1942. The Japanese sent reinforcements by sea to recapture the airfield and a series of bitter engagements took place on land for control of the airfield and at sea as each side attempted to reinforce their own troops and prevent the other from doing so. The naval operations began to dwarf those on the land they were supposedly supporting and both sides lost large amounts of ships and aircraft. The engagements on land and sea were inconclusive until the Japanese concluded such heavy naval losses could not be justified by one island and evacuated 7 Feb 1943.

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