Anne, 1929, 1945 (im KZ Bergen-Belsen), Opfer der Judenverfolgung; bek. durch die erschütternden Tagebuchaufzeichnungen, die in ihrem Versteck in einem Amsterdamer Hinterhaus während der dt. Besetzung 1942–44 entstanden; dt. 1950 als »Das Tagebuch der Anne F.« veröffentlicht.
(1929-1945) German diarist. She fled to the Netherlands with her family 1933 to escape Nazi anti-Semitism (the Holocaust).
During the German occupation of Amsterdam, they and two other families remained in a sealed-off room, protected by Dutch sympathizers 1942–44, when betrayal resulted in their deportation and Anne's death in Belsen concentration camp. Her diary of her time in hiding was published 1947.
Previously suppressed portions of her diary were published 1989. The house in which the family took refuge is preserved as a museum. Her diary has sold 20 million copies in more than 50 languages and has been made into a play and a film publicizing the fate of millions.
Hans, 1900, 1946 (hingerichtet), nat.-soz. Politiker; 1939–45 Generalgouverneur von Polen; im Nürnberger Kriegsverbrecherprozeß zum Tod verurteilt.
(1900-1946) German bureaucrat and governor of Poland in World War II. Originally a lawyer and a member of the Nazi Party from its early years, he became Reichs Commissioner for Justice 1933. After the German invasion of Poland 1939 he was appointed governor-general of the Generalgouvernement, that part of Poland not incorporated into the Reich. He was executed for war crimes 1946.
He ran a brutal and repressive regime aimed at total subjugation of the Poles and the extraction of every possible economic advantage from the territory using slave labor and Jewish extermination. As the Soviet Army approached Aug 1944 he resigned his post and fled. He was captured after the defeat of Germany, tried at Nuremberg, and hanged 16 Oct 1946.
Ilja Michailowitsch, 1908, 1990, russ. Physiker; arbeitete v. a. über Neutronenphysik; Nobelpreis 1958.
(1908-1990) Russian physicist known for his work on radiation. In 1934 Pavel Cherenkov had noted a peculiar blue radiation sometimes emitted as electrons passed through water.
It was left to Frank and his colleague at Moscow University, Igor Tamm (1895–1971), to realize that this form of radiation was produced by charged particles traveling faster through the medium than the speed of light in the same medium.
Frank shared the 1958 Nobel Prize for Physics with Cherenkov and Tamm.