(Picea)Nadelholzgattung mit rund 40 Arten. Die F. wächst in den gemäßigten Zonen der nördl. Hemisphäre, sie hat vierkantige Nadeln und hängende Zapfen. Der verbreitetste Waldbaum Mitteleuropas ist die Gemeinde F. oder Rottanne, ein wichtiger Lieferant von Bau- und Brennholz.
Sinonimi: fir tree | true fir
ETYM Dan. fyr, fyrr; akin to Swed. furu, Icel. fura, AS. furh in furhwudu fir wood, German föhre, Old High Germ. forha pine, vereheih a sort of oak, Latin quercus oak.
Any conifer of the genus Abies in the pine family Pinaceae. The true firs include the balsam fir of N North America and the Eurasian silver fir A. alba. Douglas firs of the genus Pseudotsuga are native to W North America and the Far East.(Homonym: fur).
1. Any of various evergreen trees of the genus Abies; chiefly of upland areas; SYN. fir tree, true fir.
2. Nonresinous wood of a fir tree.
ETYM Old Eng. Spruce or Pruse, Prussia, Prussian. So named because it was first known as a native of Prussia, or because its sprouts were used for making, spruce beer. Related to Spruce beer, below, Spruce.
1. Any coniferous tree of the genus Picea.
2. Light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork.
Coniferous tree of the genus Picea of the pine family, found over much of the northern hemisphere. Pyramidal in shape, spruces have rigid, prickly needles and drooping, leathery cones.
Some are important forestry trees, such as sitka spruce P. sitchensis, native to W North America, and the Norway spruce P. abies, now planted widely in North America.
Johann Gottlieb, 1762, 1814, dt. Philosoph; Vertreter eines eth. u. subjektivist. Idealismus, in dessen Mittelpunkt die Wissenschaftslehre steht; Begr. des dt. Nationalbewußtseins, Republikaner u. Gegner des damaligen Fürstenstaats.
(1762-1814) German philosopher who developed a comprehensive form of subjective idealism, expounded in The Science of Knowledge 1794. He was an admirer of Immanuel Kant.
In 1792, Fichte published Critique of Religious Revelation, a critical study of Kant’s doctrine of the “thing-in-itself”. For Fichte, the absolute ego posits both the external world (the non-ego) and finite self. Morality consists in the striving of this finite self to rejoin the absolute. In 1799 he was accused of atheism, and was forced to resign his post as professor of philosophy at Jena. He moved to Berlin, where he devoted himself to public affairs and delivered lectures, including Reden an die deutsche Nation/Addresses to the German People 1807–08, which influenced contemporary liberal nationalism.
Fichte was born in Silesia and educated at Jena and Leipzig. His Staatslehre/Theory of Politics describes a Utopian state founded on rational principles but with a tendency toward dictatorship.