Eugenik | nemačko - engleski prevod


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Verhinderung der Ausbreitung ungünstiger Erbanlagen; im Nat.-Soz. zu rassist. Zwecken mißbraucht.
(griech.)Forschungszweig der Anthropologie, der sich mit der Erlangung und der Erhaltung der Erbgesundheit befaßt. Zu den Zielen der E. gehören die Bekämpfung von Erbkrankheiten, die Eheberatung und die Förderung gesunder Familien, in einigen Staaten (u.a. Australien, USA) auch die Einschränkung der Einwanderung bestimmter Rassen.

1. eugenics


Study of ways in which the physical and mental characteristics of the human race may be improved. The eugenic principle was abused by the Nazi Party in Germany during the 1930s and early 1940s to justify the attempted extermination of entire social and ethnic groups and the establishment of selective breeding programs.
Modern eugenics is concerned mainly with the elimination of genetic disease.
The term was coined by the English scientist Francis Galton in 1883, and the concept was originally developed in the late 19th century with a view to improving human intelligence and behavior.
In 1986 Singapore became the first democratic country to adopt an openly eugenic policy by guaranteeing pay increases to female university graduates when they give birth to a child, while offering grants toward house purchases for nongraduate married women on condition that they are sterilized after the first or second child.
The study of methods of improving genetic qualities by selective breeding (especially as applied to human mating).

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