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muški rodmatematika

(Mathematik) Quotient zweier ganzer Zahlen; Schreibweise: a/b bzw. a/b; a ist der Zähler, b der Nenner, der B.strich steht anstelle der Teilungspunkte; beim echten B. (gemeinen B.) ist der Zähler kleiner als der Nenner, beim unechten B. größer; beim Dezimal-B. ist der Nenner 10 oder eine Potenz von 10, z.B. 5/10, 2/100, geschrieben 0,5, 0,02.
In der Mathematik der Quotient zweier Zahlen in der Schreibweise, 3/4 gesprochen: drei Viertel; der B.strich steht dabei anstelle der Teilungspunkte. Einen B., dessen Nenner eine Zehnerpotenz ist (Dezimal-B.), läßt sich auch als Dezimalzahl darstellen, also drei Zehntel als 0,3. Ist der Zähler eines B. kleiner als der Nenner, spricht man von einem echten, andernfalls von einem unechten B. Brüche mit dem Zähler 1 heißen Stammbrüche, die anderen sind abgeleitete Brüche; Brüche mit gleichem Nenner nennt man gleichnamig. Wichtige Regeln der B.rechnung, der mathemat. Operationen mit Brüchen: Man addiert gleichnamige Brüche, indem man die Zähler addiert bei gleichbleibendem Nenner, ebenso ungleichnamige Brüche nach Erweiterung oder Kürzung zu gleichnamigen; die Multiplikation erfolgt Zähler mal Zähler und Nenner mal Nenner, die Division als Multiplikation mit dem Kehrwert des Divisors.

1. fraction


In mathematics, a number that indicates one or more equal parts of a whole. Usually, the number of equal parts into which the unit is divided (denominator) is written below a horizontal line, and the number of parts comprising the fraction (numerator) is written above; thus 2/3 or ľ. Such fractions are called vulgar or simple fractions. The denominator can never be zero.
A proper fraction is one in which the numerator is less than the denominator. An improper fraction has a numerator that is larger than the denominator, for example 3/2. It can therefore be expressed as a mixed number, for example, 1˝. A combination such as 5/0 is not regarded as a fraction (an object cannot be divided into zero equal parts), and mathematically any number divided by 0 is equal to infinity. A decimal fraction has as its denominator a power of 10, and these are omitted by use of the decimal point and notation, for example 0.04, which is 4/100. The digits to the right of the decimal point indicate the numerators of vulgar fractions whose denominators are 10, 100, 1,000, and so on. Most fractions can be expressed exactly as decimal fractions (1/3 = 0.333.). Fractions are also known as the rational numbers, that is numbers formed by a ratio. Integers may be expressed as fractions with a denominator of 1.

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muški rodgramatika

In der Geologie Bez. für Verwerfung.

1. break


Sinonimi: interruption | disruption | gap | breakout | jailbreak | gaolbreak | prisonbreak | prison-breaking | good luck | happy chance | break of serve

(Homonym: brake).
1. The occurrence of breaking.
2. A sudden dash.
3. An act of delaying or interrupting the continuity; SYN. interruption, disruption, gap.
4. An escape from jail; SYN. breakout, jailbreak, gaolbreak, prisonbreak, prison-breaking.
5. An unexpected piece of good luck; SYN. good luck, happy chance.
6. (Tennis) A score consisting of winning a game when one's opponent was serving; SYN. break of serve.
7. The opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool.

2. breaking


3. burst


Sinonimi: fit

A sudden flurry of activity (often for no obvious reason); SYN. fit.

4. fraction


ETYM French fraction, Latin fractio a breaking, from frangere, fractum, to break. Related to Break.
1. A component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process.
2. A small piece or item forming part of a whole.
3. The quotient of two rational numbers.

5. fracture


Sinonimi: break | crack | cracking

ETYM Latin fractura, from frangere, fractum, to break: cf. French fracture. Related to Fraction.
Break in the continuity of a bone, with or without displacement of any fragments. It may be pathological, the result of a relatively mild injury to an already diseased bone (as in osteomalacia and Paget's disease), or, more often, it is the result of an injury to healthy bone.
Types of fracture.
A clean break that does little damage to the surrounding tissues and leaves the overlying skin intact is known as a simple fracture. An open or compound fracture is one where the skin is broken, exposing the site to the air. A comminuted fracture is one where the bone is broken into more than two pieces, usually the result of a crushing injury. An incomplete break in a long bone of a child is known as a greenstick fracture.
Treatment is by reduction (manipulation) with or without some form of fixation or traction. Fractures also need to be immobilized, usually by some form of splintage such as plaster of Paris. Healing of broken bones is known as union. It depends on the formation of callus that serves as a natural bone cement.
A genetically engineered protein that triggers the regrowth of bone was undergoing tests 1994 for use in healing non-union fractures where the two parts of a broken bone fail to join up.
1. Breaking of hard tissue such as bone; SYN. break.
2. The act of cracking something; SYN. crack, cracking.

6. rupture


Sinonimi: breach | break | severance | rift | falling out

ETYM Latin ruptura, from rumpere, ruptum to break: cf. French rupture. Related to Reave, Rout a defeat.
In medicine, another name for hernia.
1. A personal or social separation (as between opposing factions); SYN. breach, break, severance, rift, falling out.
2. State of being torn or burst open.
3. The act of making a sudden noisy break.

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