ETYM Colloq. or Slang.
The act of punishing; SYN. penalty, penalization.
In law, the judgment of a court stating the punishment to be imposed following a plea of guilty or a finding of guilt by a jury. Before a sentence is imposed, the antecedents (criminal record) and any relevant reports on the defendant are made known to the judge and the defense may make a plea in mitigation of the sentence.