Bernstein | nemačko - engleski prevod

Bernstein

muški rod

fossiles Harz, gelb bis dunkelbraun, undurchsichtig, klar oder fettglänzend, oft unter Einschluß von Pflanzenteilen und Insekten, im Tertiär entstanden, Hauptvorkommen an der Ostseeküste, in England und den Niederlanden, die bedeutendste B.lagerstätte liegt in Ostpreußen, B. wird häufig im Tagebau gewonnen, v.a. bei Palnicken. Die Bearbeitung von B. erfolgt durch Schleifen, Schneiden, Drechseln, Gravieren, Schmelzen, Bohren. Schon in frühgeschichtlicher Zeit beliebtes Schmuckmaterial, fand B. in der Bronze- und frühen Eisenzeit weitere Verbreitung (neben Perlen und Anhängern auch in Waffen und sonstigen Geräten), über den Handel schließlich bis in die Mittelmeerländer, früheste Funde in etrusk. Gräbern und in Mykene. B. ist in Ägypten seit der 18. Dynastie nachweisbar (B.-Skarabäus). Außer für Schmuck wurde B. später sehr vielseitig und kunstvoll für Plastiken, Brettspiele, Reliefs, Kassetten usw. verarbeitet.
versteinertes Harz von Nadelhölzern der Tertiärzeit. B., eigentlich 'Brennstein' (zu mittelhochdt. bernen 'brennen'), ist gelb bis rotbraun gefärbt und dem chem. Aufbau nach ein brennbarer Polyester. Hauptfundort ist die Küste Ostpreußens. B. enthält oft Einschlüsse von Tieren (hauptsächl. Insekten) und Pflanzen des Tertiärs. Als Rohstoff für Schmuck wurde B. in Europa seit der Bronzezeit verarbeitet.

1. amber

imenica

Sinonimi: gold

ETYM Old Eng. aumbre, French ambre, Spanish ámbar, and with the Arabic article, alámbar, from Arabic anbar ambergris.
Fossilized resin from coniferous trees of the Middle Tertiary period. It is often washed ashore on the Baltic coast with plant and animal specimens preserved in it; many extinct species have been found preserved in this way. It ranges in color from red to yellow, and is used to make jewelry.
When amber is rubbed with cloth, it attracts light objects, such as feathers. The effect, first noticed by the ancient Greeks, is due to acquisition of negative electric charge, hence the adaptation of the Greek word for amber, elektron, for electricity (see static electricity).
Amber has been coveted for its supposed special properties since prehistoric times. Archeologists have found amulets made of amber dating back as far as 35000 BC.
Amber's preservative properties were demonstrated in 1992 when DNA was extracted from insects estimated to be around 30 million years old which were found fossilized in amber, and in 1995 US scientists succeeded in extracting bacterial spores from a 40-million-year-old bee in amber. Despite their lengthy dormancy, the bacterial spores were successfully germinated.
1. A deep yellow color; SYN. gold.
2. A hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin; used for jewelry.

Bernstein | nemačko - engleski prevod

Bernstein

muški rodlično ime

Eduard, 1850, 1932, sozialdemokrat. Politiker u. Theoretiker; begr. den Revisionismus in der dt. Sozialdemokratie.

1. Bernstein

muški rodlično ime

(1850-1932) German socialist thinker, journalist, and politician. He was elected to the Reichstag 1902. He was a proponent of reformist rather than revolutionary socialism, whereby a socialist society could be achieved within an existing parliamentary structure merely by workers' parties obtaining a majority.

Bernstein | nemačko - engleski prevod

Bernstein

muški rodlično ime

Werke: Musical »West Side Story«, »Chichester Psalms«.

1. Bernstein

muški rodlično ime

(1918-1990) US composer, conductor, and pianist. He was one of the most energetic and versatile of US musicians in the 20th century. His works, which established a vogue for realistic, contemporary themes, include symphonies such as The Age of Anxiety 1949, ballets such as Fancy Free 1944, and scores for musicals, including Wonderful Town 1953, West Side Story 1957, and Mass 1971 in memory of President J F Kennedy.
Born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, he was educated at Harvard University and the Curtis Institute of Music. From 1958 to 1970 he was musical director of the New York Philharmonic. Among his other works are Jeremiah 1944, Facsimile 1946, Candide 1956, and the Chichester Psalms 1965.

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