eine Kabine für Personen oder Lasten, die meist elektr. gehoben u. gesenkt u. von der Kabine aus gesteuert werden kann. Die Kabine hängt an Drahtseilen, die über eine Scheibe oder eine Trommel geführt sind u. am Ende ein Gegengewicht haben. Geschwindigkeit: beim Personen-A., 0,5–8 m/s, beim Lasten-A. 0,25–1 m/s. Der Umlaufzug (Paternoster) fährt, an einer umlaufenden Kette hängend, dauernd mit 0,3–0,45 m/s; er ist in der BR Dtld. neu nicht mehr zugelassen.
Sonderformen: Schräg- u. Treppen-A. (Rolltreppe).
ETYM Latin, one who raises up, a deliverer: cf. French élévateur.
Any mechanical device for raising or lowering people or materials. It usually consists of a platform or boxlike structure suspended by motor-driven cables with safety ratchets along the sides of the shaft. US inventor Elisha Graves Otis developed the first passenger safety elevator 1852, installed 1857. This invention permitted the development of skyscrapers from the 1880s. At first steam powered the movement, but hydraulic and then electric elevators were common from the early 1900s. Elevator operators worked controls and gates within the cab until the automatic, or self-starter, was introduced.
1. A platform or cage that is raised and lowered mechanically in a vertical shaft in order to move people from one floor to another in a building; SYN. lift.
2. The control surface on the tailplane of an aircraft that makes it ascend or descend.
Apparatus for lifting heavy or cumbersome objects.
ETYM as. lyft air. Related to Loft.
(us elevator) Device for lifting passengers and goods vertically between the floors of a building. us inventor Elisha Graves Otis developed the first passenger lift, installed in 1857. The invention of the lift allowed the development of the skyscraper from the 1880s.
A lift usually consists of a platform or boxlike structure suspended by motor-driven cables with safety ratchets along the sides of the shaft. At first steam powered the movement, but hydraulic and then electric lifts were common from the early 1900s. Lift operators worked controls and gates until lifts became automatic.
1. A ride in a car.
2. A wave that lifts the surface of the water or ground; SYN. rise.
3. The act of giving temporary assistance.
4. The act of raising something; SYN. raise, heave, elevation.
5. (British) An elevator.
ETYM French, from Spanish parada a halt or stopping, an assembling for exercise, a place where troops are assembled to exercise, from parar to stop, to prepare. Related to Pare.
1. A ceremonial procession including people marching.
2. A visible display.
3. An extended (often showy) succession of persons or things.
ETYM French, from Latin processio. Related to Proceed.
A collection of things moving ahead in an orderly manner.