Grand arbre résineux (du genre Abies) toujours vert, ŕ épines, dont le tronc est très droit et les fruits sont des cônes dressés sur les branches.
Sinonimi: fir tree | true fir
ETYM Dan. fyr, fyrr; akin to Swed. furu, Icel. fura, AS. furh in furhwudu fir wood, German föhre, Old High Germ. forha pine, vereheih a sort of oak, Latin quercus oak.
Any conifer of the genus Abies in the pine family Pinaceae. The true firs include the balsam fir of N North America and the Eurasian silver fir A. alba. Douglas firs of the genus Pseudotsuga are native to W North America and the Far East.(Homonym: fur).
1. Any of various evergreen trees of the genus Abies; chiefly of upland areas; SYN. fir tree, true fir.
2. Nonresinous wood of a fir tree.
ETYM Old Eng. Spruce or Pruse, Prussia, Prussian. So named because it was first known as a native of Prussia, or because its sprouts were used for making, spruce beer. Related to Spruce beer, below, Spruce.
1. Any coniferous tree of the genus Picea.
2. Light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork.
Coniferous tree of the genus Picea of the pine family, found over much of the northern hemisphere. Pyramidal in shape, spruces have rigid, prickly needles and drooping, leathery cones.
Some are important forestry trees, such as sitka spruce P. sitchensis, native to W North America, and the Norway spruce P. abies, now planted widely in North America.