French Protestant in the 16th century; the term referred mainly to Calvinists. Severely persecuted under Francis I and Henry II, the Huguenots survived both an attempt to exterminate them (the Massacre of St Bartholomew 24 Aug 1572) and the religious wars of the next 30 years. In 1598 Henry IV (himself formerly a Huguenot) granted them toleration under the Edict of Nantes. Louis XIV revoked the edict 1685, attempting their forcible conversion, and 400,000 emigrated.
Provoked by Louis XIV they left, taking their industrial skills with them; many settled in North America, where they founded such towns as New Rochelle and New Paltz, New York State. Only in 1802 was the Huguenot church again legalized in France.
A French Calvinist of the 16th or 17th centuries.