Système économique basé sur les notions de la concurrence, de la propriété privée, et du profit.
An economic system based on private ownership of capital; SYN. capitalist economy.
Economic system in which the principal means of production, distribution, and exchange are in private (individual or corporate) hands and competitively operated for profit. A mixed economy combines the private enterprise of capitalism and a degree of state monopoly, as in nationalized industries and welfare services.
Most capitalist economies are actually mixed economies, but some (such as the US and Japanese) have a greater share of the economy devoted to free enterprise.