Perte de l'appétit.
ETYM Greek; an priv. + orexis desire, appetite.
Lack of appetite. pathological refusal to eat, leading to weakness and even death.
A prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite.
Lack of desire to eat, or refusal to eat, especially the pathological condition of anorexia nervosa, most often found in adolescent girls and young women. Compulsive eating, or bulimia, distortions of body image, and depression often accompany anorexia.
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe self-imposed restriction of food intake. The consequent weight loss may lead, in women, to absence of menstruation. Anorexic patients sometimes commit suicide. Anorexia nervosa is often associated with increased physical activity and symptoms of mental disorders. Psychotherapy is an important part of the treatment.
The causes of anorexia nervosa are not known. Teenage pressures and family rivalries and hostilities may be contributive factors. The anorectic may be trying to attain an “ideal” figure, or may be resisting becoming a grown-up woman like her mother. She often thinks of herself as without an identity of her own. The condition also occurs with older women and, very rarely, with men.