ETYM Old Fren. trufle, French truffe; akin to Spanish trufa, tartufo; of uncertain origin; perhaps from Latin tuber a tumor, knob, truffle. Related to Tuber, Trifle.
1. Any of various highly prized edible subterranean fungi of the genus Tuber; grow naturally in southwestern Europe; SYN. earthnut, earth-ball.
2. Creamy chocolate candy; SYN. chocolate truffle.
3. Edible subterranean fungus of the genus Tuber; SYN. earthnut.
Subterranean fungus of the order Tuberales. Certain species are valued as edible delicacies; in particular, Tuber melanosporum, generally found growing under oak trees. It is native to the Périgord region of France but cultivated in other areas as well. It is rounded, blackish brown, externally covered with warts, and with blackish flesh.
Dogs and pigs are traditionally used to discover truffles, but in 1990 an artificial “nose” developed at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, England, proved more effective in tests in Bordeaux.
Najskuplja pečurka, raste potpuno ispod zemlje.
Uspevaju samo u specifičnim uslovima krečnjačkog terena dobre drenaže u simbiozi sa korenom hrasta, bukve, kestena.
Jedina hrana dragocenija od zlata, kako procenjuju crne i bele tartufe, ponos su Francuza i Italijana.