statistics | englesko - srpski prevod

statistics

imenica

ETYM Cf. French statistique, German statistik. Related to State.
The branch of mathematics that deals with the relationships among groups of measurements and with the relevance of similarities and differences in those relationships. See also binomial distribution, Monte Carlo method, probability, regression analysis, standard deviation, stochastic.
Branch of mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of data. For example, to determine the mean age of the children in a school, a statistically acceptable answer might be obtained by calculating an average based on the ages of a representative sample, consisting, for example, of a random tenth of the pupils from each class. Probability is the branch of statistics dealing with predictions of events.
A branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters.

1. statistika

ženski rod

Prvobitno: nauka o stanju u državi izraženom u brojevima; deo sociologije kome je zadatak da upoređujući u brojevima činjenice koje se javljaju u nekoj oblasti državnog i društvenog života, izvodi opšte zaključke i utvrđuje uzroke i posledice opažanjem utvrđenih činjenica, i da proučava metode sistematskog utvrđivanja tih činjenica (npr. u oblastiškola, trgovine, poljoprivrede, zdravstvenog stanja nekog kraja, države, naroda itd.), statistika je "sredstvo (metod) za izučavanje netipičnih (kolektivnih) pojava".

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