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realism [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Cf. French réalisme.
In philosophy, the theory that universals (properties such as “redness”) have an existence independent of the human mind. Realists hold that the essence of things is objectively given in nature, and that our classifications are not arbitrary. As such, realism is contrasted with nominalism, the theory that universals are merely names or general terms.
More generally, realism is any philosophical theory that emphasizes the existence of some kind of things or objects, in contrast to theories that dispense with the things in question in favor of words, ideas, or logical constructions. In particular, the term stands for the theory that there is a reality quite independent of the mind. In this sense, realism is opposed to idealism, the theory that only minds and their contents exist.In the arts and literature generally, an unadorned, naturalistic approach to subject matter. More specifically, Realism refers to a movement in mid-19th-century European art and literature, a reaction against Romantic and Classical idealization and a rejection of conventional academic themes (such as mythology, history, and sublime landscapes) in favor of everyday life and carefully observed social settings. The movement was particularly important in France, where it had political overtones; the painters Gustave Courbet and Honoré Daumier, two leading Realists, both used their art to expose social injustice.
Courbet’s work was controversial both for its scale and subject matter; his Burial at Ornans 185a large canvas depicting life-size, ordinary people attending a burial, is typical. In literature, realists include the novelists Honoré de Balzac, Gustave Flaubert, Stendhal, George Eliot, Theodor Fontane, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Nicolai Gogol, and Leo Tolstoy. Realism was superseded by Impressionism in painting and naturalism in literature.
Art and literature that represents events and social conditions as they actually are (without idealization).
The attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth.
The philosophical doctrine that physical object continue to exist when not perceived; SYN. naive realism.
Doctrine that objects of cognition are real.
Rationalism; acceptance of existing positions and things, and repudiation of idealism; truth to real life; Philosophy, doctrine of the separate and real existence of universal qualities, or of objects of cognition.

realizam [ muški rod ]

Učenje da stvari postoje nezavisno od subjekta koji ih saznaje (supr. idealizam); oznaka za materijalizam; težnja da se stvari gledaju i prikazuju onakve kakve su u stvarnosti; u sholastičkoj filozofiji: mišljenje da opštim pojmovima o dgovara, u stvarnosti, realno postojanje; književni i umetnički pravac koji teži da prikaže stvari i život onakim kakvi su u stvarnosti; surova stvarnost, smisao za pravilno shvatanje stvarnosti. (lat.)

stvarnost [ ženski rod ]

Realnost, zbilja.

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