ETYM Latin paganus of or pertaining to the country, pagan. Related to Pagan.
Pertaining to paganism.
Neznabožački, mnogobožački. (lat.)
ETYM Latin paganus a countryman, peasant, villager, a pagan, from paganus of or pertaining to the country, rustic, also, pagan, from pagus a district, canton, the country, perh. orig., a district with fixed boundaries: cf. pangere to fasten.
1. A heathen; one who is without religion.
2. One who worships false gods; an idolater.
Usually, a member of one of the pre-Christian cultures of N Europe, primarily Celtic or Norse, linked to the stone circles and to an agricultural calendar of which the main festivals are the summer and winter solstices and Beltane, the spring festival.
The term was and often still is used as a dismissive phrase, signifying ignorance or “primitive” religion. It can cover a range of activities, largely agricultural and closely associated with veneration of nature. In the 8th–12th centuries the Church set itself to eradicate the rural practices which were found to be continuing even after the population had officially converted to Christianity. This gave paganism a strong anti-Christian emphasis, which is one of its attractions for some people today.
Archeological site in Myanmar, on the Irrawaddy River, with the ruins of the former capital (founded 847, taken by the Mongol leader Kublai Khan 1287). These include Buddhist pagodas, shrines, and temples with wall paintings of the great period of Burmese art (11th–13th centuries), during which the Pagan state controlled much of Burma (now Myanmar).