1. A synthetic fabric.
2. A thermoplastic polyamide; a family of high-strength resilient synthetic materials.
Synthetic long-chain polymer similar in chemical structure to protein. Nylon was the first all-synthesized fiber, made from petroleum, natural gas, air, and water by the Du Pont firm in 1938. It is used in the manufacture of molded articles, textiles, and medical sutures. Nylon fibers are stronger and more elastic than silk and are relatively insensitive to moisture and mildew. Nylon is used for hosiery and woven goods, simulating other materials such as silks and furs; it is also used for carpets.
Two million metric tons of adipic acid are produced annually for the manufacture of nylon. Adipic acid is made from benzene, a carcinogen, and 10% of the greenhouse gas nitrous acid in the atmosphere is released during the process.
Sintetička građa, hemijski proizvod proteinasta sklopa koji se sastoji od polimernih amida, dobiva se iz uglja, vazduha i vode, pogodan za uobličavanje u konce krajnje žilavosti, jačine i elastičnosti; upotrebljava se za padobrane, četkice, maločekinjare za zamenu japanske svile i za papirni novac u SAD. (eng.)