nihilism | englesko - srpski prevod

nihilism

imenica

ETYM Latin nihil nothing: cf. French nihilisme. Related to Annihilate.
1. A revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake.
2. Complete denial of all established authority and institutions.
Denial of all reality; extreme scepticism.
Extreme anarchism; terrorism; Philosophy, denial that anything has real existence.
The rejection of all traditional values, authority, and institutions. The term was coined 1862 by Ivan Turgenev in his novel Fathers and Sons, and was adopted by the Nihilists, the Russian radicals of the period. Despairing of reform, they saw change as possible only through the destruction of morality, justice, marriage, property, and the idea of God. Since then nihilism has come to mean a generally negative and destructive outlook.

1. nihilizam

muški rod

Stanovište potpunog odricanja vrednosti uopšte: teorijski nihilizam, odriče mogućnost saznavanja istine, a etički nihilizam vrednost moralnih zakona; u političko-socijalnom pogledu: shvatanje da današnje društvo i celokupni njegov poredak ne valja ništa, zbog čega bi ga trebalo potpuno uništiti, pa tek na tim ruševinama graditi jedno posve novo društvo; izraz napravljen po idejama koje je ruski pisac I.S. Turgenjev izneo kroz Bazarova, glavnog junaka svog romana Očevi i deca, 1862 g., koji je odlučno odricao sva načela i tradicije ruske plemićke kulture. (lat.)

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