A 2-wheeled motor vehicle; SYN. bike.
Or motorbike two-wheeled vehicle propelled by a gasoline engine. The motorbike is the lightweight version, with less power than the motorcycle, which may be equipped with a sidecar. The first successful motorized bicycle was built in France 1901, and British and US manufacturers first produced motorbikes 1903.
In 1868 Ernest and Pierre Michaux in France experimented with a steam-powered bicycle, but the steam power unit was too heavy and cumbersome. Gottlieb Daimler, a German engineer, created the first motorcycle when he installed his lightweight gasoline engine in a bicycle frame 1885. Daimler soon lost interest in two wheels in favor of four and went on to pioneer the automobile.
The first really successful two-wheel design was devised by Michael and Eugene Werner in France 1901. They adopted the classic motorcycle layout with the engine low down between the wheels.
Harley Davidson in the US and Triumph in the UK began manufacture 1903. Road races like the Isle of Man TT (Tourist Trophy), established 1907, helped improve motorcycle design and it soon evolved into more or less its present form.
Until the 1970s British manufacturers predominated but today Japanese motorcycles, such as Honda, Kawasaki, Suzuki, and Yamaha, dominate the world market. They make a wide variety of machines, from mopeds (lightweights with pedal assistance) to streamlined superbikes capable of speeds up to 160 mph/250 kph. There is still a smaller but thriving Italian motorcycle industry, making more specialist bikes. Laverda, Moto Guzzi, and Ducati continue to manufacture in Italy.
The lightweight bikes are generally powered by a two-stroke gasoline engine (see two-stroke cycle), while bikes with an engine capacity of 250 cc or more are generally four-strokes (see four-stroke cycle). However, many special-use larger bikes (such as those developed for off-road riding and racing) are two-stroke. Most motorcycles are air-cooled—their engines are surrounded by metal fins to offer a large surface area—although some have a water-cooling system similar to that of an automobile. Most small bikes have single-cylinder engines, but larger machines can have as many as six. The single-cylinder engine is economical and was popular in British manufacture, then the Japanese developed multiple-cylinder models, but there has recently been some return to single-cylinder engines. A revived British Norton racing motorcycle uses a Wankel (rotary) engine. In the majority of bikes a chain carries the drive from the engine to the rear wheel, though some machines are now fitted with shaft drive. motor-cycle
Točak (ili velosiped) koji se tera motorom.
Lako motorno vozilo (bicikl, tricikl) sa ugrađenim motorom s unutrašnjim sagorevanjem (lat.-grč.)