moderator | englesko - srpski prevod

moderator

imenica

ETYM Latin: cf. French modérateur.
In some Internet newsgroups and mailing lists, a person through whom all messages are filtered before they are distributed to the members of the newsgroup or list. The moderator discards or edits any messages that are not considered appropriate. See also mailing list, newsgroup.
1. Any substance used to slow down neutrons in nuclear reactors.
2. Someone who mediates disputes and attempts to avoid violence.
3. Someone who presides over a forum or debate.
In a nuclear reactor, a material such as graphite or heavy water used to reduce the speed of high-energy neutrons. Neutrons produced by nuclear fission are fast-moving and must be slowed to initiate further fission so that nuclear energy continues to be released at a controlled rate.
Slow neutrons are much more likely to cause fission in a uranium-235 nucleus than to be captured in a U-238 (nonfissile uranium) nucleus. By using a moderator, a reactor can thus be made to work with fuel containing only a small proportion of U-235.

1. arbitar

muški rod

Izabrani sudija; posrednik; merodavna ličnost čijem se sudu svi podvrgavaju; isto i arbitrator, arbiter.
Sudija (lat.)

2. ispitivač

muški rod

3. moderator

muški rod

Usklađivač; upravljač, rukovalac; na mašinama: deo koji umerava kretanje, regulator. (lat.)

4. posrednik

muški rod

5. regulator

muški rodmehanika

Uredilac, uređivač, udešavač, doterivač; kod raznih mašina: sprava za ujednačavanje rada neke mašien; deo na časovniku (spirala) pomoću koga se časovnik udešava da radi vrlo pravilno, tako da se prema njemu doteruju drugi časovnici; u Južnim pokrajinama Sev. Amerike, naročito u prvoj polovini XIX veka: izvršni organ neke vrste narodnog suda za borbu protiv bezakonja, koji je u isto vreme bio sudija, žandarm i izvšilac presude; fig. faktor koji uređuje i usklađuje društvene odnose. (lat.)

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