ETYM Latin linum flax + oleum oil.
A floor covering; SYN. lino.
Floor covering made from linseed oil, tall oil, rosin, cork, woodflour, chalk, clay, and pigments, pressed into sheets with a jute backing. Oxidation of the oil is accelerated by heating, so that the oil mixture solidifies into a tough, resilient material. Linoleum tiles have a backing made of polyester and glass.
Linoleum was invented in England in 1860 by Frederick Walton. In the early 20th century he invented a straight-line inlay machine which was able to produce patterned linoleum. Today, the manufacture of linoleum still follows the basic principles of Walton's process although production is much faster. Synthetic floor coverings are now popular and the use of linoleum has declined.
Materija za pokrivanje podova i oblaganje zidova: smesa od firnajsa lanenog ulja i 50% smole (kolofonija) rastopi se i pomeša sa praškom od pluta (zapušača) i mineralnih boja, pa se onda ta masa stavi na čvrstu tkaninu od jute. (lat.)