Style of painting, sculpture, and literature that expresses inner emotions; in particular, a movement in early 20th-century art in northern and central Europe. Expressionists tended to distort or exaggerate natural appearance in order to create a reflection of an inner world; the Norwegian painter Edvard Munch’s Skriket/The Scream 1893 (National Gallery, Oslo) is perhaps the most celebrated example. Expressionist writers include August Strindberg and Frank Wedekind.
Other leading Expressionist artists were James Ensor, Oskar Kokoschka, and Chaďm Soutine. The groups die Brücke and der Blaue Reiter were associated with this movement, and the Expressionist trend in German art emerged even more strongly after World War I in the work of Max Beckmann and Georg Grosz.
Among other artists whose work may be loosely described as expressionist are the painters Klee, Kandinsky, and van Gogh, and the writers Franz Kafka and James Joyce, who (along with many contemporary poets) express inner truths though the raw symbols that spring from the unconscious.
In music, use of melodic or harmonic distortion for expressive effect, associated with Schoenberg, Hindemith, Krenek, and others.In motion pictures, the stylization of sets, acting, and lighting influenced by the German expressionist art movement. The sets were distorted and largely abstract and played as important a role as the actors. Lighting was used to emphasize deep shadows and the camera was oddly angled to highlight the grotesque and fantastic.
Robert Wiene’s The Cabinet of Dr Caligari is the prime example of expressionism as it developed in the later silent era of German cinema. The influence of expressionism can be detected in the films of Alfred Hitchcock and Orson Welles. Other key examples are Paul Wegener’s The Golem 1920, F W Murnau’s Nosferatu 1922, and Paul Leni’s Waxworks 1924.1. A genre of German painting that tried to show the subjective responses to scenes rather than the scenes themselves.
2. An art movement early in the 20th century; the artist's subjective expression of inner experiences was emphasized.
Smer u književnosti i umetnosti koji je nastao uoči prvog svetskog rata.
Umetnički i književni pravac o početka 20. veka (1912), kojem je glavno ishodište i glavni cilj da prikaže i izrazi ono što je unutrašnjošću, tj. dušom i srcem, viđeno i doživljeno, dakle - izražavanje subjetkivnih raspoloženja i osećanja, bez obzira na "objektivne" ili konvencionalne vrednosti, sudove i istine; prema tome, on smatra da podražavanje i reprodukovanje prirode ne samo da nije zadatak umetnosti nego direktno odriče svaku vezu izmeš