A radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons; SYN. Es, E, atomic number 99.
Synthesized, radioactive, metallic element of the actinide series, symbol Es, atomic number 99, atomic weight 254.
It was produced by the first thermonuclear explosion, in 1952, and discovered in fallout debris in the form of the isotope Es-253 (half-life 20 days). Its longest-lived isotope, Es-254, with a half-life of 276 days, allowed the element to be studied at length. It is now synthesized by bombarding lower-numbered transuranic elements in particle accelerators. It was first identified by A Ghiorso and his team who named it in 1955 after Albert Einstein, in honor of his theoretical studies of mass and energy.
Novi hemijski elemenat (otkriven 1952. godine, nakon eksplozije hidrogenske bombe); naziv prema imenu poznatog naučnika Ajnštajna.