An artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes.
Revolutionary movement in early 20th-century painting, pioneering abstract forms. Its founders, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, were admirers of the Post-Impressionist Paul Cézanne and were inspired by his attempt to create a highly structured visual language. In analytical Cubism (1907–12) three-dimensional objects were split into facets and analyzed before being “reassembled” as complex two-dimensional images. In synthetic Cubism (after 1912) the images became simpler, the colors brighter, and collage was introduced. The movement attracted such artists as Juan Gris, Fernand Léger, Francis Picabia, and Robert Delaunay, and the sculptors Alexander Archipenko and Jacques Lipchitz. Its message was that a work of art exists in its own right rather than as a representation of the real world.
The movement was reinforced by the discovery of comparable essentials of form in indigenous art. The first painting to show the influence of indigenous art forms was Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon 1907. Cubism did not long outlast World War I but it had far-reaching repercussions and led to much of the abstract art practiced today.
Shvatanje i pravac koga se drže kubisti.
Umetnički pravac, naročito u slikarstvu, nastao početkom 20. veka u Francuskoj; suština: slikari ljudske figure i predmete predstavljaju geometrijskim oblicima (kocke, kvadrati, lopte i dr.);
2. U poeziji: odbacuju se običaji i navike iz prošlosti, red i sklad, a u zanosu želi se dati jedan novi svet koji i ne postoji (grč.)