ETYM Italian campanile bell tower, steeple, from Italian and Late Lat. campana bell.
A bell tower; usually stands alone unattached to a building; SYN. belfry.
Freestanding bell tower on church property.
Originally a bell tower erected near, or attached to, a church or town hall in Italy. The leaning tower of Pisa is an example; another is the great campanile of Florence, 90 m/275 ft high.
They were used as components of 19th-century American factory architecture in New England.