ETYM Old Eng. assise, asise, Old Fren. assise, French assises, assembly of judges, the decree pronounced by them, tax, impost, from assis, assise, p. p. of asseoir, from Latin assidire to sit by; ad + sedęre to sit. Related to Sit, Size.
1. An ancient writ issued by a court of assize to the sheriff for the recovery of property.
2. The regulation of weights and measures of articles offered for sale.
Legislative assembly; decree, generally one fixing weights, measures and prices, especially of bread and ale; trial; Scottish, trial by jury; jury.
In medieval Europe, the passing of laws, either by the king with the consent of nobles, as in the Constitutions of Clarendon 1164 by Henry II of England, or as a complete system, such as the Assizes of Jerusalem, a compilation of the law of the feudal kingdom of Jerusalem in the 13th century.