(Publius Vergilius Maro) (70-19 BC) Roman poet. He wrote the Eclogues 37 BC, a series of pastoral poems; the Georgics 30 BC, four books on the art of farming; and his epic masterpiece, the Aeneid 30–19 BC. He was patronized by Maecenas on behalf of Octavian (later the emperor Augustus).
Born near Mantua, Virgil was educated in Cremona and Mediolanum (Milan), and later studied philosophy and rhetoric at Rome. He wrote his second work, the Georgics, in honor of his new patron, Maecenas, to whom he introduced Horace. He passed much of his later life at Naples and devoted the last decade of it to the composition of the Aeneid, often considered the most important poem in Latin literature, of which he is said to have read parts to the emperor Augustus. Later Christian adaptations of his work, in particular of the prophetic Fourth Eclogue, greatly enhanced his mystical status in the Middle Ages, resulting in his adoption by Dante as his guide to the underworld in the Divine Comedy.
Jedan od najvećih starorimskih pesnika iz 1. veka pre n.e.; naročito poznat kao pisac junačkog epa Eneida.
Slavni rimski pesnik (70-19. godine pre nove ere), još za života je ispevao epitaf na sopstvenom grobu. On i danas krasi njegov spomenik, koji je smešten na obali Napuljskog zaliva, i predstavlja kratak, svedeni opis života ovog znamenitog Rimljanina, tvorca čuvenog epa "Enejida", koji je pisan punih jedanaest godina. Po njemu, a i po drugim ostvarenjima, on je postao uzor mnogim evropskim pesnicima i bio p