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Prevod reči: Singapore

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Singapore [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

A island country in southeastern Asia, South of the Malay Peninsula.
The capital of Singapore; one of the world's biggest ports; Also called: capital of Singapore.
Country in SE Asia, off the tip of the Malay Peninsula.
Singapore has a single-tier system of government. The constitution of 196amended 199provides for a one-chamber parliament, whose members are elected for five-year terms by universal suffrage from single-member constituencies on a winner-take-all basis. Parliament debates and votes on legislation. Executive power is held by a prime minister and cabinet drawn from the majority party within parliament, and by a president with powers over financial matters and senior military and government appointments (including the post of prime minister). The president serves a six-year term.
For early history, see Malaysia. Singapore was leased as a trading post 18from the sultan of Johore by the British East India Company at a time when it was a swampy jungle. It passed to the crown 18and formed part of the Straits Settlements 1867–1942.
During World War II, Singapore functioned as a vital British military base in the Far East. Designed to be invulnerable to naval attack, it was invaded by land and occupied by Japan Feb 1942–Sept 194Singapore became a separate British crown colony 19and fully self-governing, with Lee Kuan Yew as prime minister, from 195It joined the Federation of Malaysia 19but seceded 196alleging discrimination against the federation's Chinese members. A new independent republic of Singapore, within the Commonwealth, was formed Sept 1965.
rapid development
The new republic's internal political affairs were dominated by Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew's People's Action Party (PAP), which gained a monopoly of all parliamentary seats in the elections between 19and 198Under Lee's stewardship, Singapore developed rapidly as a commercial and financial entrepôt and as a center for new export industries.
During the early 1980s, as the pace of economic growth briefly slowed, opposition to the Lee regime surfaced, with support for the PAP falling from 7to 6in the Dec 19election and two opposition deputies winning parliamentary seats for the first time. Lee responded by taking a firmer line against dissent; J B Jeyaretnam, the Workers' Party leader, was found guilty of perjury Nov 19and deprived of his parliamentary seat. Support for the PAP held steady, at 62%, in the Sept 19election and the opposition won only one seat. In Nov 19Lee stood down as prime minister, handing over to his deputy, Goh Chok Tong, but he remained a senior member of the cabinet. The PAP was returned to power with 6of the vote in the general election held, ahead of schedule, Aug 199Lee gave up his chairmanship of the party Dec 199In Aug 19Ong Ten Cheong became the country's first directly elected president, with increased executive power.
foreign policy
Singapore allied itself closely with the US 1965–7From the mid-1970s, however, the country has pursued a neutralist foreign policy and improved its relations with China. It is a member of the Association of South East Asian Nations.

Singapur [ muški rod {geologija} ]

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