Administrative Land (state) of Germany
Area 17,036 sq km/6,580 sq mi
Towns Leipzig, Chemnitz, Zwickau
Physical on the plain of the river Elbe north of the Erzgebirge mountain range
Products electronics, textiles, vehicles, machinery, chemicals, coal
Population (1992 est) 4,679,000
History conquered by Charlemagne 792, Saxony became a powerful medieval German duchy. The electors of Saxony were also kings of Poland 1697–1763. Saxony was part of East Germany 1946–90, forming a region with Anhalt.
Saxony takes its name from the early Saxon inhabitants whose territories originally reached as far west as the Rhine. The duchy of Saxony was divided 1260 but reconstituted in 1424 when a new electorate embracing Thuringia, Meissen, and Wittenberg was formed. The northern part of Saxony became a province of Prussia 1815, its king having sided with Napoleon.
In 1946 Saxony was joined with Anhalt as a region of East Germany and in 1952 it was split into the districts of Leipzig, Dresden, and Chemnitz (later named Karl-Marx-Stadt). The state of Saxony was restored 1990 following German reunification and the abolition of the former districts of East Germany.
An area in Germany around the upper Elbe river; Also called: Sachsen, Saxe.
Pokrajina u Nemačkoj.