Movement in painting that followed Impressionism in the 1880s and 1890s, incorporating various styles. The term was first used by the English critic Roger Fry 1910 to describe the works of Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin. Although differing greatly in style and aims, these painters sought to go beyond Impressionism's concern with the ever-changing effects of light and to achieve a firmer pictorial construction. Subject matter also assumed importance.
In England, the movement was most strikingly represented in the work of the Camden Town Group, formed 1911.