(1912-1991) Italian-born US physician who was a pioneer in molecular biology, especially the genetic structure of viruses. Luria was a pacifist and was identified with efforts to keep science humanistic. He shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1969.
Luria was born in Turin. He left Fascist Italy 1938, going first to France, where he became a research fellow at the Institut du Radium in Paris, and then to the US 1940. From 1943 he taught at a number of universities and in 1959 became a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He founded the MIT Center for Cancer Research, which he directed 1972–85. For some time he taught a course in world literature to graduate students at MIT and at Harvard Medical School to ensure their involvement in the arts.
Američki biolog italijanskog porekla (1918-1991), jedan od dobitnika Nobelove nagrade za fiziologiju i medicinu 1969. godine, napisao je knjigu: "Život: nedovršeni eksperiment". U njoj piše kako je posle diplomiranja na univerzitetu u Torinu radio u Pasterovom institutu u Parizu, proučavajući tehnike ispitivanja fagocita ("ćelija žderačica").