Pertaining to the Jesuit order.
Koji se tiče jezuita, koji je u vezi sa jezuitima, koji je u duhu jezuitskih načela i jezuitskog rada; fig. dvoličan, licemeran, pritvoran; jezuitski prašak, v. egzostema; jezuitske kapljice, kapljice za otvaranje rane; jezuitska vuna, vuna od španskih ovaca.
A member of the a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatus Loyola in 1534.
Member of the largest and most influential Roman Catholic religious order (also known as the Society of Jesus) founded by Ignatius Loyola 1534, with the aims of protecting Catholicism against the Reformation and carrying out missionary work. During the 16th and 17th centuries Jesuits were missionaries in Japan, China, Paraguay, and among the Native Americans. The order had (1991) about 29,000 members (15,000 priests plus students and lay members). There are Jesuit schools and universities.
The Society of Jesus received papal approval 1540. Its main objects were defined as educational work, the suppression of heresy, and missionary work among nonbelievers (its members were not confined to monasteries). Loyola infused into the order a spirit of military discipline, with long and arduous training. Their political influence resulted in their expulsion during 1759–68 from Portugal, France, and Spain, and suppression by Pope Clement XIV 1773. The order was revived by Pius VII 1814, but has since been expelled from many of the countries of Europe and the Americas, and John Paul II criticized the Jesuits 1981 for supporting revolution in South America. Their head (general) is known as the “Black Pope” from the color of his cassock; Pieter-Hans Kolvenbach was elected general 1983.
pl. jezziti, članovi i pristalice "Društva Isusovog", katoličkog reda koji je 1534 osnovao Ignacio Lojola, papa Pavle III (1540) potvrdio, papa Klement XIV (1773) ukinuo, a Pije (1814) ponovo uspostavio. Dele se na četiri klase: novici, sholastici, koadjutori i profesi. Na čelu reda stoji general, sa sedištem u Rimu, koga bira generalna kongregacija doživotno. Još se zovu: lojoliti, po imenu svog osnivača, i isusovci; fig. dvoličan čovek, licemer.