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A city of northern Poland near the mouth of the Vistula; Also called: Danzig.
(German Danzig) Polish port; Oil is refined, and textiles, televisions, and fertilizers are produced. In the 1980s there were repeated antigovernment strikes at the Lenin shipyards.
Formerly a member of the Hanseatic League, it was in almost continuous Prussian possession 1793–1919, when it again became a free city under the protection of the League of Nations. However, it still had a large German population, many of whom were Nazi party supporters. Constant Nazi agitation for reunification with Germany generated tension between Germany and Poland throughout the 1930s. It was taken by the Germans at the start of the Polish campaign, and was liberated by the Soviets under Marshal Rokossovsky 30 March 1945. The annexation of the city by Germany marked the beginning of World War II. It reverted to Poland 1945, when the churches and old merchant houses were restored. The Lenin shipyards were the birthplace of Solidarity, the Polish resistance movement to pro-Soviet communism, 1981.

1. Gdanjsk

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