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Edinburgh [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

The capital of Scotland; located in the Lothian Region on the south side of the Firth of Forth.
Town in Indiana (USA); zip code 46124.
Capital of Scotland and administrative center of the region of Lothian, near the southern shores of the Firth of Forth; Industries include printing, publishing, banking, insurance, chemical manufactures, distilling, brewing, and some shipbuilding. A cultural center, it holds a major annual festival of music and the arts. The university was established 1583.
Edinburgh Castle contains the 12th-century St Margaret's chapel, the oldest building in Edinburgh. The palace of Holyrood House was built in the 15th and 16th centuries on the site of a 12th-century abbey; it is the British sovereign's official Scottish residence. Rizzio, the Italian favorite of Mary Queen of Scots, was murdered here 15in her apartments. The Parliament House, begun 163is now the seat of the supreme courts. The Royal Scottish Academy and the National Gallery of Scotland (renovated 198in Classical style are by William Henry Playfair (1789–1857). The episcopal cathedral of St Mary, opened 187and St Giles parish church (mostly 15th-century) are the principal churches. The Royal Observatory has been at Blackford Hill since 189The principal thoroughfares are Princes Street and the Royal Mile. The university has a famous medical school and the Koestler chair of parapsychology (instituted 1985), the only such professorship in the UK. The Heriot-Watt University (established 188univer.
sity status 196is mainly a technical institution.
In Roman times the site was occupied by Celtic peoples and about 6was captured by Edwin of Northumbria, from whom the city took its name. The early settlement grew up around a castle on Castle Rock, while about a mile to the E another burgh, Canongate, developed around the abbey of Holyrood, founded 11by David I. It remained separate from Edinburgh until 185Robert the Bruce made Edinburgh a burgh 132and established its port at Leith. In 15the town was destroyed by the English. After the union with England 170Edinburgh lost its political importance but remained culturally preeminent. During the 18th century, Edinburgh was known as the “Athens of the North” because of its concentration of intellectual talent, for example, Adam Smith, David Hume, and Joseph Black.

Edinburg [ muški rod {geologija} ]

Glavni grad Škotske.

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