(1925-) French socialist politician, finance minister 1981–84. As president of the European Commission 1984–94, he oversaw significant budgetary reform and the move toward a free European Community (now European Union) market, with increased powers residing in Brussels.
Delors worked as social-affairs adviser to Prime Minister Jacques Chaban-Delmas 1969–72 before joining the Socialist Party 1973. He served as minister of economy and finance (and, later, budget) in the administration of President Mitterrand 1981–84, overseeing an austerity program (“rigueur”) from June 1982. Having been passed over for the post of prime minister, Delors left to become president of the European Commission. Although criticized by some as being too federalist in outlook, he generally enjoyed a high-profile, successful presidency, including overseeing final ratification and implementation of the Maastricht Treaty on European union and negotiating the Uruguay round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), concluded 1993.
During bilateral US/EC talks 1992 aimed at concluding the GATT talks, he was criticized for putting his country's and his own interests before those of the world economy at large. However, negotiations on both the Maastricht Treaty and GATT were brought to a successful conclusion. He accepted the extension of his term for another two years June 1992 despite problems over the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty.
Francuski političar, socijalista.