(1451-1506) Italian born explorer who, sailing for Spain, attempted to reach Asia by sailing west from Europe; discovered America in 1492; Also called: Cristoforo Colombo, Cristobal Colon.
(Spanish Cristóbal Colón) (1451-1506)
Italian navigator and explorer who made four voyages to the New World: 1492 to San Salvador Island, Cuba, and Haiti; 1493–96 to Guadaloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica; 1498 to Trinidad and the mainland of South America; 1502–04 to Honduras and Nicaragua.
Believing that Asia could be reached by sailing westward, he eventually won the support of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain and set off on his first voyage from Palos 3 Aug 1492 with three small ships, the Nińa, the Pinta, and his flagship the Santa Maria. Land was sighted 12 Oct, probably Watling Island (now San Salvador Island), and within a few weeks he reached Cuba and Haiti, returning to Spain March 1493.
Born in Genoa, Columbus went to sea at an early age, and settled in Portugal 1478. After his third voyage 1498, he became involved in quarrels among the colonists sent to Haiti, and in 1500 the governor sent him back to Spain in chains. Released and compensated by the king, he made his last voyage 1502–04, during which he hoped to find a strait leading to India. He died in poverty in Valladolid and is buried in Seville cathedral. In 1968 the site of the wreck of the Santa Maria, sunk off Hispaniola 25 Dec 1492, was located.
Columbus Day (12 Oct), a public holiday, is named for him.
Columbus Day 12 Oct is a public holiday in the US.
Španski moreplovac, pronašao Ameriku tražeći put do Indije, rođen u Đenovi.
1. City in Georgia (USA).
2. City in Indiana (USA).
3. City in Kansas (USA).
4. City in Kentucky (USA); zip code 42032.
5. City in Mississippi (USA).
6. City in Nebraska (USA).
7. City in North Dakota (USA).
8. City in Ohio (USA).
9. City in Texas (USA); zip code 78934.
10. City in Wisconsin (USA); zip code 53925.
11. The state capital of Ohio; located in the center of the state; site of Ohio State University; Also called: capital of Ohio.
12. Town in Montana (USA); zip code 59019.
13. Town in North Carolina (USA); zip code 28722.
14. Village in Illinois (USA).
15. Village in New Mexico (USA).
(Ohio) Capital of Ohio, US, on the rivers Scioto and Olentangy; It has coalfield and natural gas resources nearby; its industries include the manufacture of automobiles, planes, missiles, and electrical goods.
There are three universities, a symphony orchestra, and an airforce base.(Georgia) City in W central Georgia, US, SW of Macon, across the Chattahoochee River from Phenix City, Alabama; seat of Muscogee County; Industries include processed food, machinery, iron and steel, textiles, cotton, and peanuts. It is a distribution center for surrounding farmlands, and lies just N of the US Army infantry base Fort Benning.
Glavni grad američke savezne države Ohajo.