(François) (1810-1849) Polish composer and pianist. He made his debut as a pianist at the age of eight. As a performer, Chopin revolutionized the technique of pianoforte-playing, turning the hands outward and favoring a light, responsive touch. His compositions for piano, which include two concertos and other works with orchestra, are characterized by great volatility of mood, and rhythmic fluidity.
From 1831 he lived in Paris, where he became known in the fashionable salons, although he rarely performed in public. In 1836 the composer Liszt introduced him to Madame Dudevant (George Sand), with whom he had a close relationship 1838–46. During this time she nursed him in Majorca for tuberculosis, while he composed intensively and for a time regained his health. His music was used as the basis of the ballet Les Sylphides by Fokine 1909 and orchestrated by Alexander Gretchaninov (1864–1956), a pupil of Rimsky-Korsakov.
He died 17 Oct 1849, and was buried in Pčre Lachaise cemetery in Paris.
Poljski kompozitor (1810-1849). Šopena je sa Žorž Sand, francuskom spisateljicom upoznao Franc List na jednom balu u Parizu i od tada su oni osam godina bili nerazdvojni - do 1845. To je bio najdelotvorniji Šopenov period. U početku njihove veze, Šopen je na njen zahtev komponovao valcer u čast njenog psa, nazvan "Mali pas", kasnije poznat kao "Minutni valcer", opus 54 br. 1. Za vreme boravka na Majorki, 1838. godine, gde su otišli zbog Šopenovih slabih pluća, dovršio je "Prelid", opus 28 br. 1 i još neka dela.