oceanography | englesko - nemački prevod

oceanography

imenica

The branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans.
Study of the oceans. Its subdivisions deal with each ocean's extent and depth, the water's evolution and composition, its physics and chemistry, the bottom topography, currents and wind effects, tidal ranges, the biology, and the various aspects of human use.
Oceanography involves the study of water movements— currents, waves, and tides—and the chemical and physical properties of the seawater. It deals with the origin and topography of the ocean floor—ocean trenches and ridges formed by plate tectonics, and continental shelves from the submerged portions of the continents. Much oceanography uses computer simulations to plot the possible movements of the waters, and many studies are carried out by remote sensing.
The World Ocean Circulation Experiment, a seven-year project begun 1990, involves researchers from 44 countries examining the physics of the ocean and its role in the climate of the Earth. It is based at Southampton University, England.

1. Ozeanographie

ženski rod

urspr. Meereskunde (i.e.S.), eine Geowissenschaft; behandelt Größe, Gestalt, Tiefe u. Gliederung der Meere, die physikal. u. chem. Eigenschaften des Meerwassers, die Wellen, Gezeiten, Meeresströmungen, die Gestalt der Meeresböden sowie die marine Flora u. Fauna, die Meteorologie u. das Klima des Luftraums über den Ozeanen; heute werden nur noch die physikal. Disziplinen der Meereskunde zur O. gerechnet, gleichbedeutend mit Ozeanologie.