(1925-) US actor and director. He was one of Hollywood’s leading male stars of the 1960s and 1970s, initially often as an alienated figure, and later in character roles of many kinds. His films include Somebody Up There Likes Me 1956, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof 1958, The Hustler 1961, Sweet Bird of Youth 1962, Hud 1963, Cool Hand Luke 1967, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 1969, The Sting 1973, The Verdict 1983, The Color of Money 1986 (for which he won an Academy Award), Mr and Mrs Bridge 1991, and The Hudsucker Proxy 1994.
He directed his wife Joanne Woodward in Rachel, Rachel 1968 and other films and is noted as a race-car driver and for his philanthropic activities.
Paul, 26.1.1925, US-amerik. Schauspieler (u. a. in den Filmen »Die Katze auf dem heißen Blechdach«; »Flammendes Inferno«).
(1801-1890) English Roman Catholic theologian. While still an Anglican, he wrote a series of Tracts for the Times, which gave their name to the Tractarian Movement (subsequently called the Oxford Movement) for the revival of Catholicism. He became a Catholic 1845 and was made a cardinal 1879. In 1864 his autobiography, Apologia pro vita sua, was published.
Newman, born in London, was ordained in the Church of England in 1824, and in 1827 became vicar of St Mary’s, Oxford. There he was influenced by the historian R H Froude and the Anglican priest Keble, and in 1833 published the first of the Tracts for the Times. His poem The Dream of Gerontius appeared in 1866, and The Grammar of Assent, and analysis of the nature of belief, in 1870.
John Henry, London 21.2.1801, +Brimingham 11.8.1890, engl. anglikan., dann kath. Theologe, Kardinal seit 1879, Schriftsteller. 1847 zum Priester geweiht, wurde N. 1851 Rektor der kath. Universität Dublin und als Gegner des Liberalismus Wortführer des engl. Katholizismus; neben theolog. Schriften (Betonung des dogmat. Traditionalismus), verfaßte er religiöse Lyrik und eine autobiograph. Verteidigungsschrift (1864).