(1837-1894) French president from 1887, grandson of Lazare Carnot. He successfully countered the Boulangist anti-German movement (see Boulanger) and in 1892 the scandals arising out of French financial activities in Panama. He was assassinated by an Italian anarchist in Lyon.
Marie François Sadi, Enkel von 1), 1837, 1894 (ermordet), frz. Politiker; 1887–94 Präs. der Republik.
(1753-1823) French general and politician. A member of the National Convention in the French Revolution, he organized the armies of the republic. He was war minister 1800–01 and minister of the interior 1815 under Napoleon. His work on fortification, De la Défense de places fortes 1810, became a military textbook. Minister of the interior during the hundred days, he was proscribed at the restoration of the monarchy and retired to Germany.
Lazare Nicolas, 1753, 1823, frz. Politiker; organisierte seit 1793 die Revolutionsheere.