Marie-Madeleine Comtesse de Lafayette (1634-1693)
French author. Her Mémoires of the French court are keenly observed, and her La Princesse de Clčves 1678 is the first French psychological novel and roman ŕ clef (“novel with a key”), in that real-life characters (including the writer François de La Rochefoucauld, who was for many years her lover) are presented under fictitious names.
Marie Joseph Gilbert de Motier Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834)
French soldier and politician. He fought against Britain in the American Revolution 1777–79 and 1780–82. During the French Revolution he sat in the National Assembly as a constitutional royalist and in 1789 presented the Declaration of the Rights of Man. After the storming of the Bastille, he was given command of the National Guard. In 1792 he fled the country after attempting to restore the monarchy and was imprisoned by the Austrians until 1797. He supported Napoleon Bonaparte in 1815, sat in the chamber of deputies as a Liberal from 1818, and played a leading part in the revolution of 1830.
He was a popular hero in the US, and the cities of Lafayette in Louisiana and Indiana are named for him, as was the Lafayette Escadrille—American aviators flying for France during World War I, before the US entered 1917.
1. City in Alabama (USA); zip code 36862.
2. City in California (USA); zip code 94549.
3. City in Colorado (USA); zip code 80026.
4. City in Indiana (USA).
5. City in Louisiana (USA).
6. City in Minnesota (USA); zip code 56054.
7. City in Oregon (USA); zip code 97127.
8. City in Tennessee (USA); zip code 37083.
9. Village in Ohio (USA).
10. City in Kentucky (USA).
(Louisiana) City in S Louisiana, US, on the Vermilion River, W of New Orleans and SW of Baton Rouge; seat of Lafayette parish; Its economy centers around the area’s oil industry. Settled by Acadians from Nova Scotia in the late 1700s, Lafayette is in the heart of the area of Louisiana that is associated with French-speaking “Cajuns”.(Indiana) City in W central Indiana, US, on the Wabash River, NW of Indianapolis, seat of Tippecanoe County; A distribution center for the area's agricultural products, its industries also include building materials, chemicals, wire, pharmaceuticals, and automobile parts.
Purdue University 1865 is nearby. The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought here 1811.